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Cornell University
Doctor of Philosophy (Expected 2025)

Mt. San Antonio College

Associate of Arts (2014)

Psychology and Political Science

University of California, Berkeley

Bachelor of Arts (2016)

Psychology, with High Distinction and Honors in Major

Research Interests

Emotion, emotion regulation, conversation, social exclusion, interpersonal processes

Research Grants Awarded

Cornell Center for Social Sciences. Relational and well-being outcomes of (non)reciprocity in attachment networks. (Role: Co-PI; Amount: $5,912.00). Funding Dates: 4/25/2023 – 06/30/2025.

Cornell Center for Social Sciences. The effect of causal mechanistic explanations on perceptions of research findings. (Role: Co-PI; Amount: $28,421.00). Funding Dates: 11/08/2021 – 06/30/2024.


Cornell Cognitive Science Program Graduate Research Initiative. Do causal explanations paradoxically undermine the perception of research findings? (Amount: $996.32). Award date: 12/09/2021.


Cornell Department of Psychology Graduate Research Grant. Does benefiting from preferential treatment lead to the exclusion of rejected others? (Amount: $497.19). Award Date: 10/20/2020.

Awards and Honors


​(note: asterisk [*] denotes undergraduate mentee)

  1. Lee, R.T., Surenkok, G., & Zayas, V (revise and resubmit). Mitigating the affective and cognitive consequences of social exclusion: An integrative data analysis of seven social disconnection interventions. BMC Public Health.

  2. Rosenfeld, D.L., Balcetis, E., Bastian, B., Berkman, E.T., Bosson, J.K., Brannon, T.N, Burrow, A., Cameron, C.D., Chen, S., Cook, J., Crandall, C., Davidai, S., Dhont, K., Eastwick, P., Gaither, S., Gangestad, S., Gilovich, T., Gray, K., . . . Lee, R.T., . . . Tomiyama, A.J. (2022). Psychological Science in the Wake of COVID-19: Social, Methodological, and Metascientific Considerations. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 17(2), 311–333. doi: 10.1177/1745691621999374

  3. Zayas, V., Lee, R.T., & Shoda, Y. (2021). Modeling the mind: Assessment of if…then… profiles as a window to shared psychological processes and individual differences. In D. Wood, S.J. Read, P.D. Harms, & A. Slaughter (Eds.) Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations (pp. 145-191). Elsevier.

  4. Darling-Hammond, S., Lee, R.T., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2021). Interracial contact at work: Does workplace diversity reduce bias?. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 24(7), 1114–1131.   
    doi: 10.1177/1368430220932636  [PDF]


  5. Milton, S.,* Manfredi, N.,* Cress, D.,* Lee, R.T., & Zayas, V. (2021). More than an icon: Public figures mitigate emotional distress [Special section of top 20% reviewed extended abstracts from the 8th Annual Society for Affective Science Conference]. Affective Science. doi: 10.1007/s42761-021-00068-4

  6. Perez, A.D., Lee, R.T., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2020). Belonging in schools. In C. Worrell, T.L. Hughes, & D.D. Dixson (Eds.) Cambridge Handbook of Applied School Psychology (pp. 157-169). Cambridge University Press.

  7. Zayas, V., Sridharan, V., Lee, R.T., & Shoda, Y. (2019). Addressing two blind spots of commonly used experimental designs: The highly-repeated within-person approach. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12487 [PDF]

  8. Lee, R.T., Perez, A.D., Boykin, C.M., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2019). On the prevalence of racial discrimination in the United States. PLoS ONE, 14(1):e0210698.​​ doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210698 [PDF]

  9. Campos, J.J., Camras, L.A., Lee, R.T., He, M., & Campos, R.G. (2018). A relational recasting of the principles of emotional competence. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, (15)6, 711-727.
    doi: 10.1080/17405629.2018.1502921 [PDF]

Manuscripts In-preparation

  1. Baum, S.M., Critcher, C.R., Lee, R.T., & Zayas, V. (under revision). Caught in the middle of social exclusion: A misguided and counterproductive reluctance to speak up.

  2. Lee, R.T., Zayas, V., Surenkok, G., Baum, S.M., & Critcher, C.R., (in prep.). Preferential treatment leads to exclusion of rejected others by included individuals.

  3. Lee, R.T., Rivera, V.,* Piker, I.,* Surenkok, G., & Zayas, V (in prep.). I thought we were BFFs?  The Involuntary Excluder Effect among friends.

  4. Jeffrey, C.M.,* Lee, R.T., & Zayas, V. (in prep.) Emojis used in text based communication among partners shape perceptions of relationship quality. 

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